Learning the basic "4-2" Rotations with Coach Alberto

Published Wed 11 Oct 2023

In this article, I will explain the most basic version of the "4-2" rotations, which is a beginner-friendly volleyball rotation system.

What does "4-2" stand for?

In this system, the team has two playing setters and no opposites. This means that on the court, there are four attackers (outside hitters and middle blockers) and two setters. This system is often used with young teams that are learning the various roles and basic rotations, because it is fairly simple to learn and, in the basic version, there are only three rotations to learn. Let's dive into it!

Overlap rules

As previously described in this article (, players must abide by the overlap rules.


In the first (and fourth) rotation, the Setter is positioned in Zone 2. The goal of the Middle Blocker and Outside Hitter in the front row is to get as close as possible to their positions to be ready to attack when the ball is served.

It is convenient for the Middle Blocker to stay as close as possible to the 3m line, ready to attack.


In the second (and fifth) rotation, the Setter and Outside Hitter need to swap positions, so the three players are close together in Zone 3.

It is convenient for the Middle Blocker to stay as close as possible to the 3m line, the Setter to the net, and the Outside Hitter in between them. This will allow the three players to reach their positions effectively when the ball is served.


In the third (and sixth) rotation, the Outside Hitter is already in position to attack, and the Setter and Middle Blocker need to swap positions.

The Middle Blocker should stay as close as possible to the 3m line to perform the attack, and the Setter to the net to set the ball effectively.


Keep an eye on the ball!

Even though their main objective is to reach their positions to attack, the three players on the front row should keep an eye on the ball and defend any short ball or any ball that hits the tape of the net and falls very short.